Colon cancer or colorectal cancer develops in the colon or rectum of a person. Colon cancer is one of the leading causes of death and just behind the heart disease. Colon cancer is supposed to cause over 16,000 deaths in the UK every year and is one of the most common cancer types. Both men and women are evenly probable candidates who can have this particular disease.
Colon cancer starts its foundation with the polyps forming inside the large intestine. These type of affected cells regenerate and multiply at different rates causing abnormal cell growth and function. Some of these polyps can grow cancerous and pose a serious health challenge to the individual. Once these polyps become tumours, they can change in many stages causing severe damage to the body.
Various symptoms of the Colon Cancer
The problematic truth is that sometimes colon cancer does not present any symptoms at all. The colon cancer symptoms sometimes possibly become so indistinguishable that it appears like there are no symptoms at all. Still there are some fines differences which when scrutinised one may sort out some problem.
Here are some colon cancer symptoms:
- Weight Loss: The pain from the tumour can cause a loss of appetite.
- Stomach Pain: people may also experience increased stomach cramping, gassiness or even some slight abdominal pain.
- Bleeding in the stool: This is the most commonly experienced form of cancer symptom.
- Changes in Bowel Habits: If suffering from regular diarrhoea, constipation, gas, bloating and or producing thinner stools then this might be a hint of colon cancer.
When should one go for treatment and why?
The colon cancer treatment should be started as soon as possible otherwise the disease can become critical and thus become dangerous for the patient’s life. As soon any of the above symptoms can be seen one should straight away go to the specialists and get a detailed check up. You must at all time consider visiting an expert if the symptoms appear. When one reach at the age of 50, regular screenings have to be performed even if he or she are not at risk and have no symptoms.
If you bear even a small doubt then just do Colonography. Colonography is a unique type of CT scan that can find many colorectal polyps and cancers early which will help to find out the cancer at a time when it can be easily cured.
Colon Cancer Treatment in India comprises Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy and Biotherapy or immunotherapy by highly skilled team of doctors and surgeons with the support of state of the art technology.
Colon cancer treatment procedures
Colon cancer treatment preferences depend on several aspects. These consist of the anatomical site, the stage of the colon cancer and the overall and general health of the patient. The acknowledged measure of treatment options for colon cancer is chemotherapy, surgical treatment and also radiation therapy. The most widespread treatment for colon cancer and the principal treatment for most patients is colon surgery. If the cancer is located once then surgery is immediately carried out to remove that part of the colon. The other remaining parts are then reattached. To take in consideration rectal cancer the surgical resection may follow chemotherapy and irradiation treatment. Surgery is sometimes combined with chemo and radiation therapy.
The next important is the Chemotherapy which is popularly known as chemo which is used to treat cancer using particular chemical agents or drugs that are selectively vicious to the problematical cells. Chemotherapy is usually started about a month after colon surgery. For patients with colon it can be used alone
Radiation therapy, often referred to as radiotherapy, is treatment of disease using x-rays or radioactive substances. The radiotherapy uses X-rays to kill cancer cells that remain after surgery or shrink large tumours before an operation, thus enabling easier removal. The aim is to destroy or cause damage to the tumour causing only minimal harm to the healthy surrounding tissues.
The latest therapy for treating colon cancer
Biotherapy, also referred to as immunotherapy, is one of the latest ways to take care of the disease. This uses the body’s immune system to find and destroy cancer cells in the body. Researchers are studying quite a lot of vaccines to treat colorectal cancer or prevent it from coming back after treatment.
Biological therapy has contributed to the colon cancer treatment and outcomes have improved with the use of biological agents. These therapies can be used to repair, stimulate and enhance the anticancer functions in the natural immune system. Biotherapy, an optional treatment, can be used after surgery and in combination with other cancer treatments.
Cost of Colon Cancer Treatment
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