Liver cancer starts in the cells of one’s liver. Liver is organ that is located in the upper right portion of abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach. The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma that starts from main type of liver cell called hepatocyte. However, other types of liver cells do develop cancer which not very common. In case of metastatic cancer when cancer starts from other part of body such as colon, lung or breast, then spreads to the liver. Liver cancer is a cancer which takes birth in the liver. Liver tumors are detected on therapeutic imaging equipment or represent themselves as an abdominal lump, yellow skin, abdominal pain, yellow skin, liver dysfunction or nausea.
Liver Cancer is a deadly disease and unlike other cancers, gets discovered at a relatively later phase. It is also recognized as a silent form of Cancer. The survival rate of liver cancer is very limited. An affected person hardly lives only a year.
The most important cause of liver cancer is viral contagion with hepatitis B virus. The cancer frequently forms inferior to cirrhosis created by these viruses. Around five year survival rates are almost 17% in the United States. Some prominent causes of liver cancer are
- Alcohol Abuse
- Exposure to certain chemicals
- Anabolic Steroids
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Patients with hepatitis B and C
- Liver flukes
- Hereditary defects
The symptoms of liver cancer are discussed below.
- Weight loss
- Nausea or vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Inflammation or liquid build-up in the abdomen
- A noticeable lump in the right upper side
- An enlarged liver
- An inflamed spleen
- Feeling full after a diminutive meal
- Unbearable Pain in the abdomen
- Low blood sugar levels
- High blood calcium levels
- Breast enlargement
- High cholesterol levels
- Serious discomfort in the epigastrium
- High counts of red blood cells
Liver Cancer Treatment in India has highest success rates depending upon which stage it detected. The team of liver cancer specialists have great expertise in treating International Patients with liver cancer at best liver cancer hospitals in India. The following are the treatment offered here:
This therapy is also renowned with the name chemoembolization. This is mostly used to treat larger cancer affected areas of the liver. In this procedure the doctor infuses chemo directly into the liver by using drugs through mouth or directly injects into the muscles or veins to kill or stop the cancer cells from growing. A chemotherapy agenda usually includes a specific number of cycles given within a span of time for liver cancer treatment. The patient can take one drug at a time to treat liver cancer.
During this therapy, high energy waves are given by a small radioactive pellet at the cancer affected area in order to destroy malignant cells. This therapy may also cause damage to the normal cells. However, Radiation therapy is considered as a fruitful liver cancer treatment for controlling or killing the liver cancerous malevolent cells.
Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for liver cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the liver cancer.
Two main kinds of surgery are utilized for treating Liver cancer. They are hepatectomy and liver transplant.
When a part of the liver is separated, the surgery is known as hepatectomy. A hepatectomy may be accomplished only if the malignant cancerous tumor is in one portion of the liver, and the liver is functioning fine. The left over portion of liver takes over the functions of the complete liver and may re grow to its usual size within the time span of few weeks. A hepatectomy can’t be likely if the victim has advanced cirrhosis even if the size of the tumor is tiny.
Occasionally, a liver transplantation may be done. This method is probable only when the malignant cancer has not spread out of the liver region, an appropriate donor is found, and very precise criteria are met.
Radiofrequency ablation and therapy of microwave processes both utilize heat for destroying cancer cells. It can be applied by means of the skin, or during a surgery through laparoscopy, while a victim is sedated.
Percutaneous ethanol injection
Percutaneous ethanol injection makes use of alcohol inserted directly into the malignant liver tumor for destroying it. Side effects of this therapy are fever and horrible pain after the process, but the method is usually very easy, secure, and mainly effective for a tumor smaller than 3 cm. If the alcohol escapes from the liver region, on the other hand, a patient can have concise but severe pain. This treatment method is at present being utilized less often and has been mainly substituted by radio frequency ablation.
Cost of Liver Cancer Treatment
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