Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of cells on the surface of skin and spread to other part of body. Skin cancer arises from the skin. It is well known that the cancer is the aftermath of a tumor which loses its control over the growth. The uncontrollable growth of the tumor is called cancer which may strike anywhere in the body. This also may be on the skin. The skin cancer is the most common type cancer that is located in a lot of places. most of the cases tend to be dealing with the basal cell cancer and the squamous cell cancer. The main cause of the skin cancer is the exposure to the ultra-violet ray from the sun. If this is found in the earlier stages, this can be cured easily by some simple surgery. There are mainly three types of skin cancers and those are the basal cell carcinoma, the squamous cell carcinoma and the melanoma.
Symptoms of Skin Cancer
The symptoms of the skin cancer vary according the type of skin cancer it is. The normal basal cell carcinoma is can be recognised by the following symptoms:
- A sore which is bleeding continuously and remains open for a long while
- A reddish or patch marked area which does not pain but itches and crusts.
- A bump on the skin which is pink red or white in colour
- A scar with poorly defined border and coloured white or yellow.
On the other hands, the squamous cell carcinoma reflects the other kinds of symptoms like these:
- A growth in the skin which is wart-like
- A red patch that tend to bleed
- A rough surfaced elevated growth
Treatment Available for Skin Cancer in India
The skin cancer is one of the easily treated cancers and there is also less dying average of people suffering from skin cancer. But the fact is that, however minimal it may appear, it still is a cancer and India offers finest and best treatment for Skin Cancer. So, taking care of it counts. Some of the treatment methods are detailed out below:
Surgery is the most common way to treat a cancer. This is the way in which the whole affected area gets excluded in the process of surgery. In this process the oncologists also remove some of the healthy tissues in the process that is called margin. There are some distinguished or the different types of methods involve the surgery method for the different kinds of cancers.
Curettage and Electrodessication:
This is a common procedure for the treatment of the skin cancers. In this the skin lesion is removed with the help of a curette. This tool is spoon shaped and sharp. Then electrodessication is applied to the area. This is the procedure in which a current passes through the cells to stop bleeding and to destroy the cancer cells that might have left behind in the curettage process.
This technique is typically for the cancers which are located near the hard to reach places and the big tumors. This also is the technique where the entire tumor gets removed and then small, tiny parts of the cells around the tumor are separated for the surety of the termination of the cancer.
This is usually used or the cells which are precancerous. In this way, the liquid nitrogen is used for the purpose of freezing the place and then the skin blister away. This leaves a pale scar.
After the removal of a big tumor, surgeons often use skin parts of the other parts to get the wound closed.
This may also be termed as the chemotherapy. This is used only in the case of the precancerous cells of for the cancerous ones which are located in the outer layer of the skin. This chemotherapy is used as a cream or lotion to stop the cells from growing any far and thus gets damaged in the process.
This is also one of the main ways to treat cancer in the best method. This is way that is called radiotherapy or the radiation therapy. There are the two types of the radiotherapy, the internal one and the external one. In the matter of the skin cancer, many oncologists prefer to use the external radiotherapy. In this process, the radiation is directed from the outer source to the affected area.
Cost of Skin Cancer Treatment
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