The cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system, due to uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in testicles called Testicular Cancer. Often it is seen in young male but it can occur in older males as well.
The testicles are the important parts of a male’s reproductive organ. Every man has two testicles, and these testicles are situated beneath the penis in a sac-like pocket known as the scrotum. They may be also recognized as gonads or testes. The testicles help in producing testosterone which contributes a lot in the development of a male’s reproductive system and sperm. Testicular cancer refers to the cancer which develops in the testicles. Testicular cancer is considered to have one of the uppermost healing rates among all the cancers. The survival rate of testicular cancer is nearly five years.
Types of testicular cancer:
This type of cancer is originated from the sperm producing cells. It tends to a slowly growing cancer and can spread in to the lymph nodes in the victim. Moreover, this type of testicular cancer can easily be cured by chemotherapy and radiotherapy etc.
This is originated from the embryonal type cells and tends to spread rapidly to different parts of the body including liver and lungs.
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer
Symptoms of testicular cancer are discussed here.
- Painless bump or inflammation on either testicle.
- Enlargement of testicles.
- Tenderness in testicles.
- Pain in testicles.
- Soreness or discomfort without or with inflammation in the scrotum or in a testicle.
- A drastic Change in the method a testicle realizes.
- A sensation of immensity in the scrotum.
- unexpected formation of liquid in the scrotum
- Dreary ache in the groin or in the lower abdomen
- Breast tenderness
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- Lower back pain
- bloody sputum
- Swelling of one or both legs
Various treatment methods are adapted by the doctors to treat testicular cancer properly. Surgery is one of the most effective methods.
Surgery is normally the elimination of the cancerous tumor and neighbouring tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgery available for testicular cancer, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the testicular cancer.
Radical inguinal orchiectomy
Proper treatment of testicular cancer generally begins with surgery for removing the testicle affected by cancer, known as radical inguinal orchiectomy. This is accomplished by means incision in the groin along the beltline.
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
This type of surgery refers to the removal of the retroperitoneal lymph nodes which lie at the back of the abdomen area. RPLND can be recognized for males with medical stage I and IIA non-seminomas.
If a patient has semiformal type of testicular cancer then, this Radiation therapy is a helpful method in the treatment. This theraphy uses high-powered energy beams through a machine aiming to eradicate testicular cancer cells and keeps them to develop or re-grow properly.
Chemotherapy is mostly used to cure at an advanced stage of testicular cancer. In this the doctor has to spread through drugs to kill the cancerous germs that may have migrated from the original tumors. Chemos can be taken in 4 or 5 cycles, depending upon the patient’s efficiency via mouth or injection into the muscles or vein etc.
If testicular cancer is detected then the patient must undertake instant treatment. Such cancerous tumors take very little time to turn into a malignant cancer. A suffering person should take proper drugs and therapies for avoiding the dangers of testicular cancer. Various latest technologies have been invented as the treatment methods of testicular cancer. Chemotherapy is one of them. Drug therapy can also be recommended. 30% of the victims are obtaining good results. Regular check up is also highly recommended. The patients must follow all the suggestions and advices of their doctors. Each patient must take good care of himself.
Cost of Testicular Cancer Treatment
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