Vaginal cancer is basically a rare type of cancer of the female reproductive organ. Vaginal cancer starts when usual cells in the vagina grow without any control, formulating a mass known as a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or non-cancerous. There are mainly four kinds of vaginal cancer. They are
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Clear cell adenocarcinoma
The vagina is basically the tube starting from the cervix to the outside of the body. During the process of birth, a baby comes outside of the human body by means of the vagina. Vagina is also called birth canal.
The diagnosis of vaginal cancer
Following methods are generally used for diagnosing vaginal cancer.
- Pap smear
- Pelvic exam
- Physical exam
Risk factors for vaginal cancer
The risk factors for vaginal cancer are also discussed here.
- Human papilloma virus
- Cervical cancer
- Previous radiation therapy
Symptoms of Vagina Cancer
Females with vaginal cancer experience and face the following signs or symptoms. Sometimes, females with vaginal cancer do not experience any of these signs or symptoms.
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding
- Obscurity or pain while urinating
- Unbearable Pain during sexual interaction
- Terrible Pain in the pelvic region
- Pain in the legs or back
- Inflammation in the legs
Treatment of Vagina Cancer
Surgery is normally the exclusion of the cancerous tumor and adjoining tissues during the process of operation. There are several sorts of surgical treatment available for vaginal cancer in India at best cancer hospital by highly skilled vaginal cancer specialists, and the most helpful option frequently depends on the phase and malignancy of the vaginal cancer.
Laser surgery is basically the utilization of a decisive ray of light which burns the cancer off the skin. It may be utilized for removing precancerous cells. Extra tissue neighbouring the tumor known as margin, also can be separated to be definite that all cancerous cell has been damaged.
This refers to the surgical exclusion of the malignant tumor and some of the adjacent fit tissue. Vaginal repair utilizing skin from other regions of the female’s body is essential.
This is basically the elimination of the vagina, which can also include the pelvic lymph nodes. Frequently, a reconstructive doctor can form a new vagina with grafts of tissue and cells from the other regions of the female’s body. The woman will be capable of having sexual interaction, but she will require a lubrication help.
If the cancer has extended to other regions of the female’s reproductive system, the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes, as well as lymph nodes can be easily removed.
Chemotherapy refers to the utilization of drugs for killing or controlling malignant cancerous cells and tissues. It is done by giving resistance to the malignant cancer cells’ capability of growing and dividing. Systematic chemotherapy is basically given through the bloodstream to positively act upon the cancerous cells overall in the body.
Radiation therapy is an effective and successful theraphy in vaginal cancer treatment since last few decades in order to get rid of cancerous cells. In this method high-energy beam rays are implemented on the tumor to block and control the cancer cell division. Sometimes, this theraphy can harm other healthy tissues which may be considered as a side effect of this theraphy.
Advanced technology and some important aspects
Well, with the rise in technology many other methods are invented to assure 100% relief from this vaginal cancer. Among all these, photodynamic theraphy is a new healing technique in which drugs are injected in the vaginal cancer affected body and absorbed by all cells but remains only in malevolent cells. However these cells get stimulated or activated when laser beams are administered on them.
Hence, it is advised that one should undergo regular and proper check-up. If an individual is suffering from the symptoms of this disease then he or she must share all info with the doctor.
Cost of Vaginal Cancer Treatment
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