The pancreas looks in the shape of tadpole and spongy. It is located at the position, behind the stomach. The physiological function of the pancreas is to enable the enzymes for food digestions. Another function of it is to make the hormones to regulate the sugar levels of the blood. When the pancreas gets injured, the result will be block of the ducts. It affects juices that contain the enzymes and also pancreatic pseudocyst development. The pancreas pseudocyst is a fluid filled sac.
Symptoms of Pancreatic Pseudocysts
When the candidate has the condition of the pseudocyst problem, the symptoms are varied. However, the general and most common symptoms that are found in many of the candidates are the following.
Most common symptoms are
- Abdominal pain
Other varied symptoms in the candidates are
- A tender mass found in the abdomen
- Diarrheal problems
- Feeling of vomiting
- Feeling of nausea
- Weight loss
- Appetite loss
- Symptoms of jaundice, like yellowing of eyes and skin
- Development of fluid in the area of abdomen
Diagnosis for Pancreatic Pseudocysts
Pancreatic pseudocysts are usually diagnosed through the CT scan method and it is treated to be an effective method. In the scan, the psedocyst looks like a fluid filled mass. At some of the cases, the diagnosis needed to be done differentiate the diagnosis for psuedocyst and normal cyst. Such differentiation can be done with fine needle aspiration or endoscopic ultrasound. Another method used for diagnosis is the transabdominal ultrasound, which can identify the pseudocyst as they appear as echoic structures. The pseudocysts usually look to be more complex when these occurred after hemoohages, when young or when get complicated because of the infection.
Treatment for Pancreatic Pseudocysts
If the candidate experiences pseudocyst at mild level, according to the symptoms specific to the same condition, the conservative treatment is given. But when the condition is severe, the candidate needs the interventions as the following.
- Laparoscopic or open csystogastrostomy
- Endoscopic trans-gastric drainage
- Imaging guided percutaneous drainage
Most of the time, the treatment selected by the surgeons to treat the conditions of pseudocyst, will be laparoscopic procedure. It is because this treatment is minimally invasive technique and complications are very less than the other and open surgical treatment.
Laparoscopic Pancreatic Pseudocysts Surgery
The patient is given the anesthesia to feel no pain during the surgery. The laparoscopic surgery is performed through the procedure called keyhole. It is performed in the abdomen. There are lighted scope and fine tools used in the procedure. During the surgery, a small connection is to be made in between the psudocyst to the digestive organ, which is placed nearby. It allows the psudocyst to drain through the organ that is connected it with. The connection is made is usually, to small intestine, stomach or duodenum. Sometimes, the connection is made with the small intestine terminal part. The choice of the organ that is chosen to connect, by the doctor, depends on the location, where the psedudocyst exists inside the pancreas.
Recovery after the laparoscopical psudocyst surgery will be faster, as the procedure is performed through minimally invasive technique. The total stay in the hospital will be reduced, as there are very few complications during and after the surgery. The recovery time is very less.
Cost of Laparoscopy for Pancreatic Pseudocysts
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