Spine surgery used to be performed as an open surgery, which needs linger incision to be done to open the specific parts of the body for operation, as it gives more access to the anatomy. However, with the advanced technology, severe neck and back conditions can be treated now with minimally invasive surgical techniques. When the same minimally invasive surgical techniques are applied to the spine surgeries, it involves only short incision to be done, thereby avoiding the significant damages to the spine. The pain resulted would be very less and recovery can be gained faster.
Typically, spine surgery is suggested in two conditions. The first condition is that the conventional non surgical treatments are of no help and the second conditon is that doctor finds the exact and accurate source and pin point the location, according to the pain, like spinal stenosis or herniated disc.
Types of Minimally Invasive Spine Procedures in India
Spine surgical procedure is usually performed for the spondylosis for removal of the cause of the pain, along with the spine fusion towards better control of the movement. The tissues creating pressure on the nerves are removed from the decompression surgery. Fusion is needed for the stabilization of the spine. In most of the surgical procedures, both of them are needed to be performed.
- Microsurgical Discectomy
- Transforaminal Interbody Lumbar Fusion
- Slipped Disc Surgery
- Percutaneous Nucleoplasty Discectomy
Microsurgical discectomy procedure is performed by using the tubular device that has to be inserted via a small incision made. Muscles, which are on the way are moved to one side, so that the vertebrae are seen. the disc that is herniated is removed, so that there would be enough for the nerve to return to its normal position and normal function. The procedure causes less damage to the parts, which are nearby the spine. This procedure allows the patients to recover faster. It makes use of the microscope for clear visualization and view of the internal parts.
TLIF surgical procedure is used for performing in a posterior approach. The treatment helps for the stabilization of spinal vertebrae and the disc present in between. This procedure involves removal of very small bones, so that the complications and very small disturbance would be done at the site. Movement in between the bones could be eliminated by fusing the vertebrae. It leads to reduction of the pain as well as the stabilization of the spine. Nerve irritation reduction can also be achieved.
Kyphoplasty is one of the surgical procedures used for the compression fractures. It is done by percutaneous insertion of the instruments that are flexible. It makes use of balloon and it gets inflated after reaching to the right place. The balloon would then be restored at the right anatomy of the body of the vertebrae. The space that has been inflated would be filled using cement, so that the vertebrae integrity is maintained.
Slipped disc surgery is a minimally invasive surgery, giving very fewer complications than that of the open surgery. The risk associated with the scarring, loss of blood, formation of the blood clots and infection are very lower with this method. There would be no danger of injury or happening to the nerves or leakage of the spinal fluid. Since these are very smaller incisions, there would be none of the side effects associated by giving the general anesthesia. Special magnified cameras are employed to be inserted into the spinal canal to view clear picture of the internal disc material. Doctor no needs to see through the microscope and can view the picture clearly on the monitor or screen.
PLIF is the acronym of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion and it is a surgical procedure performed to place the bone graft in between the interbody the disc will get removed through the left side and right side of the intervertebral space and spinal canal. After clearing it, bone graft, cage implant is packed. Then the vertebrae would be fused to support the pedicle screws and sometimes additional bone graft also could be inserted for better solid fusion.
Percutaneous discectomy or percutaneous discectomy is a surgical procedure performed to treat the chronic back pains, which are caused from herniated disc. It is also a minimally invasive procedure, in which the needle is kept at the middle of the disc. Then a series of channels are made for removing the tissues present in the nucleus. Such removal would act as a decompression of the disc. It helps the pressure to be relieved, which got exerted from the disc present from the nerve root, nearby.
Cost of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
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